Vaccines work by training and preparing the body’s natural defenses – the immune system – to recognize and fight off the viruses and bacteria they target. After vaccination, if the body is later exposed to those disease-causing germs, the body is immediately ready to destroy them, preventing illness.
Covaxin is an inactivated vaccine which means that it is made up of killed coronaviruses, making it safe to be injected into the body. When administered, immune cells can still recognize the dead virus, prompting the immune system to make antibodies against it. The two doses are given four to six weeks apart.
Covishield is made from a weakened version of a common cold virus (known as an adenovirus). When the vaccine is injected into a person, it prompts the immune system to start making antibodies and primes it to attack any coronavirus. The jab is administered in two doses given between 12-16 weeks apart. (as per current guidelines).
Sputnik V is a vector vaccine, which carries a genetic protein composition of coronavirus on the weakened common cold virus. The jab is administered in 2 doses 21 days apart.
and register yourself.
You can register 4 people
using one mobile number.
Select 'vaccination registration'
and then enter a phone
number, followed by OTP.
Click on verify and you
will be directed to the
Book the slot by entering
Pin Code or district.
To register via Aarogya Setu,
you need to click on the CoWin
tab on the homescreen.
Follow the same steps as
mentioned above to register.
Reach the vaccination
centre with your appointment
slip and photo ID used while
Carry registered ID proof
such as Adhaar card, passport,
driving licence, etc. and
Wear double mask.
Make sure you’ve eaten something. Don’t go empty stomach.
Carry a water bottle,
Maintain social distancing
at the vaccine centre.
Wait for 30 min post
vaccination under observation.
You should take both
the doses of the same
Avoid strenuous exercise
or activities 2 to 3 days after
taking the vaccine.
If an individual has recently recovered from COVID, they can take a vaccine after 3 months. If the COVID infected person has been given plasma therapy or antibodies, they should take the vaccine after 3 months from the date of discharge.
One can take the 2nd dose of vaccine after 3 months from full clinical recovery from the COVID-19. But if one is scheduled for 2nd dose of vaccine and is an active COVID patient, please DO NOT take the vaccine.
YES! However, you should not get the vaccine until you are fully recovered. Even if the infection was mild or asymptomatic, it is important to wait for 3 months after completely recovering from the infection, before you go out to get the vaccine jab.
Pregnant women are advised to not take the COVID-19 vaccine as the safety of the vaccine is not established in them.
Even after taking the vaccine, you should avoid social and large gatherings. It takes almost 2 weeks post the second jab for antibodies to develop.
No, you should avoid going out. Even if you have been vaccinated, there is still a minimal chance of being infected from COVID-19. Thus, avoid going out even after the second jab of the vaccine, unless necessary.
No, the point of wearing a mask is that the efficacy of the vaccine is 80-90%, leaving a 20% risk of getting infected due to other strains of COVID-19. Thus, to be on the safer side, it is recommended to wear a mask and follow safety precautions. Always keep your masks on!
The vaccine protects us from serious COVID disease. There is still a 10 to 20 % chance one can get COVID even after being vaccinated. There are several variants of the virus and it is not known if vaccines protect one from all the strains.
However, if one gets COVID after vaccination, it is likely to be mild and not serious. Hence it is crucial to follow social distancing, sanitisation, masking, and frequent hand washing even when one has been vaccinated.
Yes, you can take the vaccine even if you’re on your period.
No, you should take both doses of the vaccine in order to let your body develop immunity or antibodies to fight for COVID disease.
You should avoid drinking alcohol for at least 3 days after taking the vaccine (Covishield or Covaxin). If you take the Sputnik V vaccine, avoid drinking alcohol for at least 45 days. No specific dietary restriction needs to be followed.
If you are infected with COVID-19, you can infect others even after taking the vaccination. Thus, always maintain social distancing and COVID appropriate behavior.
You may experience mild side effects after vaccination such as pain at the injection site, headache, fatigue, joint pain, muscle pain, nausea, vomiting, and flu-like illness.
The efficacy of the COVID vaccine implies its ability to protect one from the COVID disease.
What about the efficacy of vaccines?
Efficacy of Covaxin is effective in 80% of cases & Covishield 72% to 90% efficacy. Sputnik V has an efficacy rate of 91.4 percent
Covershield: 12 to 16 weeks from 1 st dose of vaccine
Covaxin: 4 to 6 weeks apart
Sputnik: 21 days or 3 weeks apart
One can render immunity towards the disease after 2 weeks of 2nd dose.
After logging in to your CoWIN Portal, you will be able to view your vaccination dates. Go to the certificate tab and click on the download button to save your Corona Vaccine Certificate as a PDF file.